Besnik Sinani is a doctoral fellow at the Free University of Berlin. He holds an MA in Near East Studies from New York University and a BA in International Studies from City University of New York. His current research focuses on the study of Sufism in contemporary Saudi Arabia. He is the author of the report on Islamophobia in Albania in 2016. Email:

Elton Hatibi is an independent researcher based in Tirana, Albania. He holds an MA in Culture and Religion in the Mediterranean Region from ISIRC, Gregoriana University in Rome, Italy where he wrote his thesis on the process of secularization of the Muslim community in Albania. He is currently conducting research on the history, teaching and practices of Muslim mystical orders in Albania. He is also a curator of Islamic manuscripts at the Centre for the Preservation of Islamic Manuscripts in Tirana, Albania. Email:

Farid Hafez PhD (Political Science, University of Vienna) is lecturer and researcher at the University of Salzburg, Department of Political Science and Sociology. He is also Senior Researcher at Georgetown University’s ‘The Bridge Initiative’. Currently, he also lectures at Istanbul Zaim University in Istanbul. In 2017, he was Fulbright visiting professor at University of California, Berkeley and in 2014, he was visiting scholar at Columbia University, New York. Since 2010, Hafez has been editor of the Islamophobia Studies Yearbook, and since 2015 co-editor of the annual European Islamophobia Report. He has received the Bruno Kreisky Award for the political book of the year, for his anthology Islamophobia in Austria (co-ed. with John Bunzl) and published more than 70 books and articles, including in high-ranking academic journals. Moreover, Hafez regularly publishes op-ed’s and is frequently interviewed by media outlets. Email:

Dr Amina Easat-Daas earned her PhD from Aston University, Birmingham, UK and studied Muslim women’s political participation in France and Belgium. She is currently part of the CounterIslamophobia Kit project at the University of Leeds, where Easat-Daas and her colleagues are developing a transferable European toolkit to facilitate the effective challenging of Islamophobia on the continent. Her research interests include the study of Islamophobia and counter-Islamophobia, Muslim women, Muslim youth, ‘European Islam’, and Muslim political participation. In her capacity as an emerging Islamophobia studies specialist, Easat-Daas has worked in academia, for international think-tanks and non-governmental organisations. She has presented her research findings to the European Parliament, The Carter Center and the OSCE-ODIHR, among others, and has appeared on national and international media on numerous occasions to discuss anti-Muslim current affairs and, in particular, those related to Muslim women and Islamophobia in Belgium. Some of her publications include Easat-Daas, Amina. “The Role of ‘European Islam’in Motivating Muslim Women’s Political Participation in France.” French Cultural Studies 28, no. 1 (2017): 17-27. She has written the national report on Belgium for the European Islamophobia Report in previous years. Email:

Hikmet Karčić is a researcher at the Institute for Islamic Tradition of Bosniaks. Since 2014, he is a PhD candidate at the International University of Sarajevo; his thesis is entitled “Detention Camps as a Tool for Ethno-religious Cleansing of NonSerbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992-1995”. He graduated from the Law Faculty in Sarajevo in 2010. In 2012, he successfully defended his MA thesis entitled “The Importance and Role of Appeals in Front of the Human Rights Chamber in the Search for Missing Persons in B&H 1996-2003” at the same faculty. In the past, he worked at the Missing Persons Institute of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Center for Advanced Studies and was the project coordinator for “Mapping of Detention Camps in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992-1995” at the Association Tranzicijska pravda, odgovornost i sjećanje (TPOS). He is the author of An Appeal for Truth (Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, 2013) and editor of Remembering the Bosnian Genocide: Justice, Memory and Denial (Institute for Islamic Tradition of Bosniaks, 2016). He also compiled and translated Muslim World: Population and Religiosity (“Muslimanski svijet: populacija i religioznost”, Centar za napredne studije, 2013) and Balkan Wars 1912-1913: Death and Forced Exile of Ottoman Muslims (Balkanski ratovi 1912-1913: Smrt i prisilno prognonstvo osmanskih muslimana, Institut za istraživanje zločina protiv čovječnosti i međunarodnog prava, 2012). He is the author of several research articles related to war crimes and memorialization, and has produced two documentaries related to the former.

Sonya Emilova is an MA student in Arabic Language and Literature at the Faculty of Eastern Languages and Literature at Istanbul University in Istanbul, Turkey. She graduated from theDepartment of Arabic Language Studies at the University of Jordan, Jordan. She is actively involved in civil society educational and social projects in Turkey, Bulgaria, and other European countries. Besides Bulgarian, she speaks Turkish, English, Arabic, and reads French and Greek. Email:

Nejra Kadić Meškić is a project manager at the NGO Center for Cultural Dialogue and an associate at the Islamic Community in Croatia. She finished the School for Economics and Business of the University of Sarajevo. She has seven years of experience as a program and campaign leader in the field of human rights, culture of dialogue, and youth and gender equality including the political and implementation level. She has experience in analyzing public finances and budgets especially related to youth. She is familiar with the issues of human rights in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina as she worked in the NGO sector in both countries. In 2013, Kadić Meškić received an award for her contribution in the achievement of gender equality by the BIH Parliament. She has experience in project management, event management, as well as in public relations and marketing. She is the author and co-author of strategic documents related to the improvement of human rights implementation. Kadić Meškić is a trainer on teamwork and leadership in educational programs for youth. Email:

Selma Muhič Dizdarevič is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Humanities, Charles University (Prague, Czech Republic), where she currently chairs the Department of Civil Society Studies. She was a visiting scholar on a Fulbright scholarship at the School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley. Her main research interests are immigration and integration policies, feminism, social exclusion, intersectionality, and human rights. She holds a degree in public policy and political philosophy.

Mujahed Sebastian Abassi is a medical doctor by profession working in Denmark but has also studied Middle Eastern politics and Islamic studies in Sweden. He has been active in various Muslim communities and organizations for almost fifteen years in both Denmark and Sweden. He wrote the first Danish Islamophobia report for the Centre for Danish Muslim Relations (CEDAR) in 2017 and is currently its vice chair and chief strategist. E-mail:

Linda Hyökki is a research associate at the Center for Islam and Global Affairs (Sabahattin Zaim University, Istanbul) and a PhD candidate at the Alliance of Civilizations Institute at Ibn Haldun University, Istanbul. Her work and postgraduate studies focus on Islamophobia and Muslim minorities, identity studies, multiculturalism, alternative epistemologies, and qualitative research. She graduated from the Master’s program “Language, Culture and Translation” at the University of Mainz-Germershim, Germany and has worked as a freelance translator and teacher of German as a foreign language. Hyökki has been authoring the EIR national report since 2015 and strives to combine her academic endeavors with social activism for social inclusion and dismantling of racism in her native country, Finland. Besides Finnish, she speaks English, German, Swedish and Turkish, and reads French. Email:

Yasser Louati is a French-based human rights and civil liberties activist. His work focuses on racism and state repression. Having been active for over 20 years within grassroots movements both within and outside of Western Muslim communities, he now heads the Justice & Liberties For All Committee based in Paris, France. He is part of the European coalition that currently works with the European Commission’s Coordinator against anti-Muslim hatred and has launched the transatlantic coordination against racism and repression. He is a regular contributor to various international news outlets including Al Jazeera, France 24 and CNN, on questions of racism, French politics, privacy, and militarism. His writings are published by Al Jazeera, Alternet, Middle East Eye, Libération and the University of Berkeley’s Islamophobia Studies Journal, among others. He was educated at the University of Paris in English Literature and Civilisation.

Anna-Esther Younes studied International Relations in Tübingen, Geneva, and Berlin, before completing her PhD at the Swiss Graduate Institute for International and Development Studies, IHEID, Geneva. Her doctoral thesis was entitled “Race, Colonialism and the Figure of the Jew in a New Germany.” Her research interests include critical race theories, cultural studies, post/-colonial studies, and psychoanalysis. She has been teaching at American institutions of higher learning, as well as at German and Austrian universities. Younes has received fellowships from the Tokyo Foundation to work with Fatima El-Tayeb at the University of San Diego, The New School (NYC), and the Decolonial Summer School, Barcelona. Younes also worked as one of the main curators for the first transnational and interdisciplinary, one-month-long Palestinian Arts Festival (Berlin, 2016), bringing together Palestinian artists and activists and their allies from three continents. Furthermore, she has worked as an editor and has been publishing journalistic articles for almost two decades. Her current interests include the intersections of IT, the humanities, and Critical Theory. Her work is accessible on

Ali Huseyinoglu was born in Komotini, Greece. After completing primary education at the bilingual (Turkish and Greek) school in his hometown, he went to Istanbul where he finished secondary and high school education. Huseyinoglu received his BA and MSc from the Department of International Relations, Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara. His Master’s thesis, awarded as the best thesis of 2005 at METU, was about continuities and changes of the Greek minority policy in Western Thrace in the post-Cold War era. After a year of compulsory military service in the Greek army, Huseyinoglu started doctoral studies in 2007 at the Department of International Relations, University of Sussex, UK, which he completed in 2012. His doctoral thesis was about the historical development of the educational regime of the Muslim Turkish Minority of Western Thrace in Greece after the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne. Since 2013, Ali Huseyinoglu has been working as an assistant professor in the Balkan Research Institute at Trakya University in Edirne, Turkey. Minority rights, Turkish-Greek relations, the Muslim Turkish minority of Western Thrace, the Rum minority in Turkey, religious pluralism, Islam, Islamophobia and the religious rights of Muslims in Europe are among his main research interests. His recent publications include “Islam and Religious Liberties in Western Thrace” in Islam in the Balkans: Unexpired Hope (Vol.4: From Times of Glory to Times of Humility, ed., M Muhammet Savaş Kafkasyalı, (Ankara: TİKA, 2016); and “Questioning Islamophobia in the Context of Greece”, IRCICA Journal, Volume III, Issue 6, Fall 2015”. Email:

Alexandros Sakellariou is teaching sociology at the Hellenic Open University and is a postdoctoral researcher at Panteion University of Athens. He earned his PhD in Sociology from the Department of Sociology of Panteion University. He has extensive research experience in EU projects and since 2011, he has been working on young people’s sociopolitical engagement (MYPLACE 2011-15); young people’s well-being (MYWEB 2014-16); the evaluation of innovative social policies (INNOSI 2015-17); and radicalisation (DARE 2017-2021). His scientific interests include, among others, politics and religion, religious communities in Greek society, youth activism and civic participation, right-wing extremism, radicalisation and qualitative research methods. He is a member of the network against the far-right of the Athens Friedrich Ebert Foundation. Since 2015 he is a co-author of the national report regarding Islam in Greece in the Yearbook of Muslims in Europe (Brill) and the author of the Greek report on Islamophobia for the European Islamophobia Report (EIR) project. Recent publications include, “Fear of Islam in Greece: Migration, Terrorism and ‘Ghosts’ from the Past”, (Nationalities Papers, 45:4, 2017); “Women and Golden Dawn: Reproducing the Nationalist Habitus”, (Gender and Education, 29:2, 2017); an “Singing for Race and Nation: Fascism and Racism in Greek Youth Music” (with A. Koronaiou and E. Lagos) (Lexington, 2015). Email:

Zsolt Sereghy is a doctoral candidate at the Institute for Political Science, Vienna University, Austria. His current research focuses on the nexus between Europe’s Muslim communities, migration, and political and medial securitisation. He holds a Master’s degree in Oriental Studies from Vienna University and an M.Litt. degree in Middle Eastern and Central Asian Security Studies from the University of St Andrews, Scotland. His research interests include the securitisation of Islam and Muslim migrant communities in Europe, as well as Middle East politics in general and Lebanese politics, educational policies and pop culture in particular. Currently, he is a researcher at a Beirut-based Human Rights NGO. Email: zsolt.

Dr James Carr lectures in the Department of Sociology in the University of Limerick, Ireland. Building on previous scholarly and policy-oriented publications, in 2016, James published his book Experiences of Islamophobia: Living with Racism in the Neoliberal Era (London and New York: Routledge) which focused on anti-Muslim racism in Ireland set to the international context. Carr has also undertaken and published research with the Immigrant Council of Ireland, supported by the Open Society Foundations, entitled ‘Islamophobia in Dublin: Experiences and ow to Respond’. He is a co-editor on the recently published collection of essays Public and Political Discourses of Migration, (London: Rowman and Littlefield) and a contributor to the Yearbook of Muslims in Europe for Ireland for 2015 and 2016, and 2017. Email:

Alfredo Alietti, PhD in Sociology, is professor of Urban Sociology at the University of Ferrara. He is a member of the Research Network 31 of the European Sociological Association “Racism, Anti-Semitism and Ethnic Relations.” He is co-coordinator of Laboratorio di Studi Urbani (Laboratory of Urban Studies) in the Department of Humanistic Studies that promotes research and training in urban and territorial issues. He is a member of the international editorial committees of Theomai Journal, Society, Nature and Development Studies. Alietti is a member of the research group “Housing and Migration” of the ISMU Foundation (Interventions and Studies on Multi-Ethnicity). He has conducted extensive research at the national and European level on topics such as racism, discrimination, Islamophobia, anti-Semitism, interethnic relations in the urban setting, socio-spatial segregation, urban and housing policies, and urban requalification of deprived areas. He has published numerous articles and books on racism and ethnic discrimination focusing on Italian society. His latest book is entitled Razzismi, discriminazioni e disuguaglianze. Analisi e ricerche sulla società italiana (Racisms, Discriminations and Inequalities. Analyses and Researches in Italian Societies) (Milano, 2017).

Dario Padovan holds a PhD in Sociology and is associate professor of Sociology at the Department of Culture, Politics and Society, University of Turin. He has worked extensively on the history of social sciences, ethnic relations, racism and prejudice, fear of crime and insecurity, environmental sociology, social metabolism, and sustainable consumption. Padovan is a member of the editorial committee of Theomai Journal (Buenos Aires, Argentina), Democracy & Nature (London, U.K.), and Chosmos & History (Melbourne, Australia). He is a member of European Sociological Association Research Network 31 which focuses on “Race Relations, anti-Semitism and racism” and of the European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control. He is currently conducting research on anti-Semitism and Islamophobia.

Anita Stasulane (1962), Professor of History of Religions and Director of the Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences at Daugavpils University (DU), graduated from the University of Latvia (1985) and the Pontifical Gregorian University (1998) in Rome, Italy. Her work mainly focuses on new religious movements and youth culture. Currently she is conducting research on religious fundamentalism and Islamophobia. She has expertise in qualitative research methods, including ethnographic research, and experience in working on international collaborative projects, including three EU Framework projects where she was appointed at the head of the DU team. These projects are Project No. 029013 of the VI Framework Programme “Society and Lifestyles: Towards Enhancing Social Harmonisation through Knowledge of Subcultural Communities” (2006-2008); Project No. 266831 of the VII Framework Programme “Memory, Youth, Political Legacy and Civic Engagement” (2011-2015); and Project No. 613368 of the VII Framework Programme “Measuring Youth Well-Being” (2014-2016). Stasulane has extensive management experience, and since 2006, she is the editor of Kultūras Studijas (Cultural Studies) issued by DU. E-mail:

Daiva Repečkaitė is a freelance journalist and researcher from Lithuania. She has an MA in Sociology and Social Anthropology from the Central European University in Budapest. Before obtaining her degree, she started working as a journalist for a Lithuanian weekly, focusing on EU affairs and human rights. From 2008 to this day, she has conducted various research projects, as a researcher at the Public Policy and Management Institute or on a freelance basis, focusing on social inclusion, education in the EU, migration and ethnic minorities. Daiva Repečkaitė has received scholarships to carry out research on migration in Japan and Israel. She has also been awarded the European Young Journalist Award (Lithuanian language) in 2008, a Minority Rights Group grant, a Media4Change grant for investigative reporting, and the International Journalists Programme grant (Germany) in 2015. Her work has been published in the Guardian, the Financial Times, Politico Europe and other international media. Email:

Mersiha Smailovikj is a human rights activist, lawyer and humanitarian. She is currently conducting her Master’s studies in International Law at Iustinianus Primus Law Faculty in Skopje. Smailovikj is active in the field of discrimination against Muslims and Islamophobia, gender equality, rights of ethnic groups, and advocating for the rights of refugees and migrants. Her research on migration has been published in several local and international publications. The last public policy document that she worked on was the Improvement of Access to Rights and Protection of Refugees and Migrants with Focus on Vulnerable Groups. Smailovikj was involved in the creation of the aforementioned public policy document as a co-author and a member of the NGO LEGIS, in cooperation with the Ombudsman. She is one of the founders of the Bosniak Center for Research Lilium Bosniakum. Email:

Sara Ezabe Malliue is a fourth-year law student at the University of Malta. She has completed a leadership course at the University of Cambridge, U.K. which was part of an award from Queen Elizabeth II. Ezabe Malliue has been researching hate speech online and conducted a research entitled ‘Negotiating Peace in the Ambit of Freedom of Speech’ (ELSA, Malta 2016) to highlight the importance of creating policies to tackle hate speech. She is the co-founder of the campaign Redefining Us which was created with the aim of combating discrimination and hate speech and to raise awareness about religious and ethnic minorities in Malta. For this, she was awarded the Young Impactful Politician Award by JCI Malta. Ezabe Malliue also contributes to a local newspaper were she shares her reflections on being a Maltese Muslim and on other issues faced by minorities. Email:

Leyla Yıldırım is a PhD candidate at the Department of Sociology, Institute of Social Sciences at Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, Istanbul. She graduated from the Master’s program, “Islam in the Contemporary West” at Leiden University in the Netherlands. In the Netherlands, she worked at the Islamic University of Applied Sciences Europe, as an education coordinator and program developer of BA and Master’s degrees in Islamic Spiritual Care and Islamic Theology. Currently she is a staff member of the research project “The Netherlands Human Rights Report” at Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University. Yildirim’s research interests are Muslims in Europe, Islamophobia, race, racism and cultural secularism. Besides her native languages Turkish and Kurdish, she also speaks Dutch, English and reads German. Email:

Cora Alexa Døving is a research professor at the Center for Studies of Holocaust and Religious Minorities in the field of minority studies. Over the past years, she has published on racism, anti-Semitism, Islamophobia and prejudice. She is the leader of the ongoing research project “Negotiating Jewish Identity – Jewish Life in 21st-Century Norway,” funded by the Norwegian Research Council. Her publications that are thematically related to the theme of this report are: “Homeland Ritualized: An Analysis of Written Messages Placed at Temporary Memorials after the Terrorist Attacks on 22 July 2011 in Norway” (2017) in Mortality, Taylor & Francis, UK; “The Hijab Debate in the Norwegian Press: Secular or Religious Arguments?” in Journal of Religion in Europe, vol. 5, issue 2 (2012), 1-2, and “‘The Way They Treat Their Daughters and Wives’ – Racialization of Muslims in Norway”, Islamophobia Studies Journal, vol. 3, issue 1 (Fall 2015), 62-77, University of California, Berkeley; and “Position and Self-Understanding of Sunni Muslim Imams in Norway” in Journal of Muslims in Europe, 3 (2014), 209-233.

Anna Piela is a lecturer in Religious Studies at Leeds Trinity University, UK. She has worked previously as a research consultant with the Muslim Women’s Council, Bradford. In 2010, she was awarded a PhD in Women’s Studies by the University of York, UK. Her monograph, titled Muslim Women Online: Faith and Identity in Virtual Space, as well as several academic journal articles (including in New Media and Society, Feminist Media Studies, HAWWA: Journal of Women in the Middle East and Islamic Cultures, and Contemporary Islam) focus on gender, Islam, and online communities. She has recently edited two volumes, Islam and the Media, and Islam and Popular Culture, in the Routledge series Critical Concepts in Sociology. Her current endeavours include writing a monograph titled Wearing the Niqab: Fashioning Identity among Muslim Women in the UK and the US, and working on the editorial board of Hawwa. She is also contributing to a research project on the identities of Polish female Muslim converts in the UK and Poland, recently funded by the Polish National Centre for Science.

Anna Łukjanowicz obtained her MA in the Study of Contemporary Muslim Thought and Societies at Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar. Her dissertation was entitled Pious Expats in Qatar: A Study of Migration, Race and Religion in the Gulf. She has presented her research at academic conferences in the USA, UK, and Poland. Prior to her Master’s degree, she earned two BA degrees, one in Middle Eastern Studies and one in International Management, at Jagiellonian University, Poland. Currently, she is engaged in work with the Muslim community in Poland.

Ali Murat Yel is a social anthropologist working at the School of Communication at Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey. He received his PhD from the London School of Economics, University of London. His research interests include religion, politics, particularly theopolitics, and modernity and he is involved in social and cultural aspects of religion as a lived experience rather than “prescribed” one. Yel carried out his doctoral field research in the small Portuguese town of Fátima, where during a stay of more than two years he conducted an ethnographic survey of the pilgrims who arrived from all across the world to visit the famous shrine of Our Lady of Fátima. He has extensively published books and articles on this pilgrimage town and on Portuguese popular Catholicism. He is also interested in the manifestations of the popular Turkish understanding of Islam and the areas where religion, politics, and gender intersect. Email:

Bogdan Ghenea is a research consultant specializing in human rights, migration/asylum, employability, and labour markets. He holds a Master’s degree in European and Romanian Politics from the University of Bucharest. Since 2010, he has written multiple shadow reports on racism and discrimination for the European Network against Racism (ENAR) and has collaborated with the Asylum Research Consultancy on writing country and thematic reports. He has provided research and expert advice on employability and labour markets for clients such as Airbus and Total. Email:

Samuel Alexey Sorokin is a PhD researcher in the Department of History and Civilization at the European University Institute of Florence. He earned his BA in History and Philosophy at the University of Bonn and his MA in Global History at the University of Heidelberg. He has studied at the University of Cologne, the University of Valencia, and the Russian State University of Moscow. His fields of research include nationalism, ideology, and political identity construction. His dissertation project treats the transformative impact of Russian Islam on the Russian national identity discourse since 1992. Email:

Ivan Ejub Kostić is a PhD candidate at the Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade, Serbia. He graduated from the Department of Oriental Studies, Arabic Language, Literature and Culture at the Faculty of Philology, University of Belgrade. He holds a Master’s degree in Islamic Studies awarded by the same department. In the academic years 2011-2013, he was a lecturer at the Faculty of Media and Communications at Singidunum University, Belgrade, where he taught the courses “Middle Eastern Culture and History” and “Orientalism and Occidentalism.” He is one of the founders of the Balkan Centre for the Middle East, and became its managing director in 2013. He co-authored the book Persecuted Islam, published in 2013, and edited the textbook Modern Islamic Thought, which will be published in February 2018. He is a member of the editorial board of the academic periodical Journal for Religious Sciences – Kom and a regular contributor to the Yearbook of Muslims in Europe published by Brill. He is also a member of the European Muslim Network seated in Brussels. Kostić has written numerous academic papers and articles in the field of Islamic Studies, and he is a regular contributor to leading media outlets in the country and the region on issues related to the Middle East and Islam.

Jozef Lenč is assistant professor at the Department of Philosophy and Applied Philosophy at the Faculty of Arts of the University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava, Slovakia. He earned his PhD at the Institute of Political Science of the Slovak Academy of Sciences in Bratislava. In his scientific work he addresses the issue of the relationship of religion and politics with a focus on Islam and Islamic philosophy. He is a commentator of Slovak and international politics, especially the Middle East. He is co-author of the book Young Migrants in the Slovak Society (2012) and author of the book Religion in Politics and the Position of Religious Political Parties (2016). He actively publishes on

Monika Zaviš, doc. PaedDr. ThDr. PhD, is a researcher and associate professor at the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies at the Faculty of Humanities of the University of Zilina, Slovakia. She earned her habilitation (Dozentur) in Theology with the specialization in Psychology of Religion at Comenius University in Bratislava, and her PhD in Theology with the specialization in Religious Studies. She has published four monographs (2012, 2013, 2013, 2016), two university textbooks (2008, 2017) and numerous scientific articles. She has also participated in numerous international conferences, projects and works as an expert reviewer of articles in international scientific journals. Her research is based on interdisciplinarity and focuses on contemporary bioethics (interruption and assisted reproduction technologies) in world religions, especially in Islam; educational and health care questions in the context of migrations; and interrreligious dialogue between Islam and Christianity. She cooperates academically with numerous religious officials of registered and nonregistered churches and religious communities in Slovakia. Email:

Ana Frank received her PhD at the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana in 2013. She worked as a researcher at the Peace Institute, a renowned NGO in Ljubljana, Slovenia, from 2007 to 2014. Between 2005 and 2007, she was a visiting student in Turkey at the University of Istanbul and Ankara University. She complemented her studies at the University of Lodz, Poland, and Florida International University, USA. In 2012-2013, she conducted a research at Sabanci University in Istanbul for her PhD thesis entitled ‘The Influence of the Europeanisation Context on Religious Discourses in Gender Equality and Intimate Citizenship Policies in Turkey.’ At the Peace Institute she worked on several European projects. Her fields of research and academic interest are international relations, policy analysis, political studies, gender studies, religious studies, cultural studies, Orientalism and postcolonial studies, discourse analysis, nationalism, discrimination, Europeanisation, Turkey, and Islam. In 2014, her book Feminism and Islam: Turkish Women between the Orient and the West (Slovenian and English language editions) was published by the Orient and the West (Slovenian and English language editions) was published by the Peace Institute.


Dr Carmen Aguilera-Carnerero is currently a lecturer of English language at the Department of English and German Philologies at the University of Granada, Spain. She has also taught teaches at the Department of English at the University of Murcia (Spain) and the Department of Didactics of Language and Literature at the University of Granada. Aguilera-Carnerero is the co-editor of the academic journal GRETA and has profusely published articles and book chapters on cyber-Islamophobia. She has presented her work in more than 25 international conferences. A selection of her latest publications (both co-written with Abdul Halik Azeez) include, “‘Islamonausea, Not Islamophobia’: The Many Faces of Cyber Hate Speech”, Journal of Arab and Muslim Media Research, 2016, Volume 9, No. 1; and “The Cyberdiscourse of Inclusion and Marginalization: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Muslims in Ireland on Twitter 2010-2014” in Irishness on the Margins: Minority and Dissident Identities, (UK: Palgrave MacMillan, 2018).

Mattias Gardell is Nathan Söderblom Professor in Comparative Religion and Co-director of Research at the Centre for the Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism (CEMFOR) at Uppsala University, Sweden. His research has explored the intersections of religion, politics, and racism within a variety of empirical fields, including African American religious nationalism, white religious racism, white power culture, occult fascism, the transforming landscapes of political Islam, torture history, Islamophobia, and white racist lone wolf terrorism. His extensive publications include nine research monographs, including Islamofobi (Islamophobia, 2010, Stockholm: Leopard), and more than a hundred articles, essays, and anthology chapters. Gardell’s recent publications with relevance to the field of Islamophobia studies include “Crusader Dreams: Oslo 22/7, Islamophobia, and the Quest for a Monocultural Europe” (Journal of Terrorism and Political Violence, 2014, Vol 21:1); “What’s Love Got to Do with It? Ultranationalism, Islamophobia, and Hate Crime in Sweden”, Journal of Religion and Violence, 2015, Vol 3:1; Raskrigaren (The Race Warrior, Stockholm: Leopard, 2015); Den ensamme terroristen? Om lone wolves, nätat och brinnande flyktingförläggningar (The Lone Terrorist? Lone Wolves, Cyber Hate, and Burning Refugee Homes, 2017), and “Urban Terror: The Case of Lone Wolf Peter Mangs”, (Journal of Terrorism and Political Violence, 2018).


Mehek Muftee is a postdoctoral fellow at the Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism (CEMFOR) at Uppsala University, Sweden. She earned her PhD in Thematic Studies from Linköping University and has a Master’s Degree in Sociology. Her PhD thesis, entitled “That Will Be Your Home” Resettlement Preparations for Children and Youth from the Horn of Africa, analysed introduction programs for refugees undergoing resettlement in Sweden, examining, among other issues, how stereotypical ideas about women from the Horn of Africa are expressed in information and interaction between government officials and participants in the programs. Her current research project revolves around experiences of anti-Muslim racism among Muslim women in Sweden and ways and strategies they use in order to counter racism. Muftee has previously worked at an antidiscrimination agency on a project on countering Islamophobia within the Swedish Health Care sector.

Nermina Ademović-Omerčić works as a legal advisor for the Federation of Islamic Organizations in Switzerland (FIOS/FIDS), the largest Swiss Muslim umbrella organization. During her high school years in Novi Pazar, Serbia, Ademović-Omerčić participated and engaged actively in multiple formal and non-formal non-governmental organizations’ (NGOs) sector programs. She worked as a youth coordinator on promoting human rights and coexistence in interethnic environments in Serbia. Her achievements in school and extracurricular activities qualified her to study law at the Law Department of the University of Fribourg, Switzerland. Upon graduation, she pursued postgraduate studies at the University of Bern and successfully attained the degree of Master of Law with a specialization in International and European Law. Email:

Aristotle Kallis is professor of Modern and Contemporary History at Keele University, UK. His research interests revolve around fascism and the contemporary radical/far right in transnational terms, with a particular focus on the ‘mainstreaming’ of extreme views and on the processes that facilitate taboo-breaking language and behaviour. He has published extensively on the history of fascism and the radical right; on the rise of far-right extremism in Greece and Germany; on the mainstream-extremism nexus with regard to a number of key themes in the ideology of the far right, including nationalism, sovereignty, and attitudes to particular groups of ‘Others’; and on Islamophobia and anti-Semitism. He is the author of the chapter on Islamophobia in the Oxford Handbook of the Radical Right (OUP 2018); and the co-editor of the report Violent Radicalisation and Far-Right Extremism in Europe (Hedayah and SETA, 2018). Email:

Ridvan Bari Urcosta is a researcher at the Institute of International Relations at the University of Warsaw, Poland. He is originally from Sevastopol, Ukraine and has been working for almost ten years with the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatars People as an adviser to the Head of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatars People. Moreover, he writes, among others, for the European Council for Foreign Relations (ECFR), New Eastern Europe, The Jerusalem Post, Radio Liberty and the Jamestown Foundation. He has represented Crimean Tatars in many international institutions such as the European Parliament, the UNPO, the Human Right Council and the EMPRIP in Geneva. He is also the senior fellow of the Indigenous People Fellowship in 2017 at the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.