Enes Bayraklı earned his BA, MA and PhD from the Department of Political Science at the University of Vienna, and conducted research for his PhD thesis at the University of Nottingham in Britain between 2009 and 2010. He was a deputy director at the Yunus Emre Turkish Cultural Center in London in 2011-2013. Bayraklı also served as the founding director of the Yunus Emre Turkish Cultural Centers in Constanta and Bucharest, Romania in August-December 2012. He has been a faculty member at the Department of Political Science and International Relations at the Turkish-German University since 2013. Currently he is also the coordinator of SETA Brussels office and director of European Studies at SETA Foundation. His fields of research include Islamophobia in Europe, far-right movements in Europe, the transformation of Turkish foreign policy, foreign policy analysis, and German foreign policy.

Farid Hafez, PhD (Political Science, University of Vienna), is currently lecturer and researcher at the University of Salzburg, Department of Political Science and Sociology and senior researcher at Georgetown University’s “The Bridge Initiative” at the School of Foreign Service. He defended his habilitation thesis on “Islam-Politics in the Second Republic of Austria” at the University of Salzburg. In 2017, he was a Fulbright visiting professor at the University of California, Berkeley and in 2014, he was a visiting scholar at Columbia University, New York. Since 2010 he has been the editor of Islamophobia Studies Yearbook, and since 2016 the co-editor of European Islamophobia Report. Hafez has received the Bruno Kreisky Award for the “Political Book of the Year” for his anthology Islamophobia in Austria (co-edited with John Bunzl). He has more than 80 publications in leading journals such as Politics and Religion, Patterns of Prejudice, and German Politics and Society. His latest publications are Islamophobia in Muslim Majority Societies (Routledge, co-edited with Enes Bayrakli) and Feindbild Islam. Über die Salonfähigkeit von Rassismus (Böhlau).

Olsi Jazexhi, PhD (History, European University Institute), is an Albanian-Canadian historian who teaches history at University Alexander Moisiu of Durres in Albania. He is specialized in the history of Islam, terrorism, nationalism, and religious reformation in Southeastern Europe. He is regular contributor and guest at numerous television stations and other media outlets. Email: olsijazexhi@gmail.com

Natalia Kutuzova, PhD, is a Belarusian expert in the field of religious freedom and author of more than 150 scientific publications on the relations between the state and religious organizations, racial discrimination, human rights, and the development of Islam in the territory of modern Belarus. Kutuzova is chairwoman of the Center for the Study of Contemporary Religiosity (IPA). Email: cscr.religion@ gmail.com

Amina Easat-Daas earned her PhD at Aston University, Birmingham, UK and studied Muslim women’s political participation in France and Belgium. She is an Early Career Academic Fellow in the Centre for Urban Research on Austerity at De Montfort University, Leicester and here lectures in politics. Her research interests include the study of Muslim women, Muslim youth, Islamophobia and creatively countering-Islamophobia in Europe, gendered dimensions of Islamophobia, and ‘European-Islam’. In her capacity as an emerging Islamophobia studies specialist, she has been invited and has presented her research findings to the European Parliament, the Council of Europe, the Carter Center (USA), and the OSCE-ODIHR among others and has appeared on national and international media on numerous occasions to discuss Muslim current affairs.

Hikmet Karčić is a researcher at the Institute for Islamic Tradition of Bosniaks. He has a PhD in Political Science and Sociology from the International University of Sarajevo. Karčić obtained his BA and LLM from the Faculty of Law, University of Sarajevo. Previously, he worked at the Missing Persons Institute of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Center for Advanced Studies, and was the project coordinator for “Mapping of Detention Camps in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992-1995” at the association Tranzicijska pravda, odgovornost i sjećanje (TPOS). He is the author of An Appeal for Truth (Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, 2013) and editor of Remembering the Bosnian Genocide: Justice, Memory and Denial (Institute for Islamic Tradition of Bosniaks, 2016). Karčić also compiled and translated Muslim World: Population and Religiosity (“Muslimanski svijet: populacija i religioznost”, Centar za napredne studije, 2013) and Balkan Wars 1912-1913: Death and Forced Exile of Ottoman Muslims (Balkanski ratovi 1912-1913: Smrt i prisilno prognonstvo osmanskih muslimana, Institut za istraživanje zločina protiv čovječnosti i međunarodnog prava, 2012). He is the author of several research articles related to war crimes and memorialization, and has produced two documentaries related to the former.

Hayri A. Emin is a PhD candidate in International Relations at the Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences at Trakya University in Edirne, Turkey. He graduated with a Master’s degree in International Political Relations and Security Studies from the Faculty of Philosophy at Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski,” Bulgaria. His scientific interests include, among others, international relations, Balkan politics, security issues, Islamophobia, freedom of religion and belief, hate crime, civil society, and minority issues.

Nejra Kadić Meškić is a project manager at the NGO Center for Cultural Dialogue and an associate at the Islamic Community in Croatia. She finished the School for Economics and Business of the University of Sarajevo. She has seven years of experience as a program and campaign leader in the field of human rights, culture of dialogue, and youth and gender equality including the political and implementation level. She is familiar with the issues of human rights in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina as she has worked in the NGO sector in both countries. In 2013, Kadić Meškić received an award by the BIH Parliament for her contribution towards the achievement of gender equality. She has experience in project management, event management, as well as in public relations and marketing. She is the author and co-author of strategic documents related to the improvement in the implementation of human rights. Kadić Meškić is also a trainer on teamwork and leadership in educational programs for youth. Email: nejra.kadic.sa@gmail.com

Selma Muhič Dizdarevič is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Humanities, Charles University where she chaired the Department of Civil Society Studies. She was a visiting scholar on a Fulbright scholarship at the School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley. Her main research interests are immigration and integration policies, feminism, social exclusion, intersectionality, and human rights. She holds a degree in Public Policy and Political Philosophy. She is a board member of the International Network Against Cyber Hate and the Czech Helsinki Committee.

Sibel Özcan is a social psychologist by profession in Denmark with a BA in Sociology and Cultural Analysis and an MA in Psychology and Cultural Encounters. During her studies she has conducted research on the identities of Muslim minorities, prejudices and acculturation strategies, social inclusion, group affiliation, and the feeling of belonging for different Muslim minorities in Denmark. Since 2010, she has been working and volunteering in various Danish and intercultural organisations and projects that aim at better coexistence. Email: ozcaansibel@gmail.com

Zeynep Bangert holds a BA in Sociology and Cultural Analysis and an MA in Contemporary Middle Eastern Studies from the University of Southern Denmark. During her studies she has focused on social inclusion, stigma mechanisms, power and status differentials due to group affiliation, prejudice, and the Muslim identity in Denmark. She has conducted research projects regarding the Arab minority in Turkey, and the problems and efforts on the path of integration of Syrian refugees into Turkish society. She has also organised and directed humanitarian work in both Denmark and Turkey. Email: zeynepbangert@gmail.com

Silver Stõun is a migration expert at the European Migration Network National Contact Point for Estonia. Previously he worked for many years for the Estonian Police and Border Guard Board as a chief specialist on international protection issues. Being the founder of private sector companies, with a Bachelor’s degree in Public Administration and a Master’s degree in International Relations and European-Asian Studies, Stõun has a sound grasp of public-private sector relations and migration issues.

Enrique Tessieri is a sociologist and former journalist who has written and researched immigration topics. As a journalist, Tessieri worked in countries like Finland, Spain, Italy, Argentina, and Colombia writing on topics such as human rights and foreign investment. Tessieri is editor of Migrant Tales, a community blog he founded in 2007. He is, among others, a board member of the European Network Against Racism (ENAR) (2016-2019), and chairperson of the Anti-Hate Crime Organisation Finland. He works at Otava Folk High School near the city of Mikkeli and works as an advisor for the master in conflictology programme of the Open University of Catalonia. Email: editor@migranttales.net

Léonard Faytre graduated from Sciences Po Paris University with degrees in both Political Science (BA) and Urban Policy (MA). After moving to Istanbul in 2013, he continued his studies and completed a second MA in Argumentation Theories (Münazara) at the Alliance of Civilization Institute (Ibn Khaldun University) in 2018. His research focuses on political theory, French foreign affairs, and French immigration policy. Besides French, he speaks English, Turkish, and Arabic. Currently, Faytre works as a research assistant at the European Studies Department of SETA (Istanbul Office). E-mail: l.faytre@gmail.com

Anna-Esther Younes is researching and teaching critical theories of race (and racism) through the prism of psychoanalytic and post-/colonial theories. She received her PhD entitled “Race, Colonialism and the Figure of the Jew in a New Germany” from IHEID (Geneva, CH), in 2016. Younes defines her work through the (anthropological) concept of “researching home” and “researching up to power” and is currently a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands. In 2016, she was one of the two main curators of the first month-long, international, and interdisciplinary Palestinian Arts Festival that took place in Berlin. Younes is passionate about continuing to teach Critical Race Theories and Cultural Studies and expanding her horizon through continuously engaging in forms of “democratic classrooms” pedagogy in dialogue with her students. She has been active in anti-racist grassroots networks in Berlin and beyond for more than two decades. Since 2019, she also serves as a lay judge at Berlin’s youth court and was democratically elected as a member of the first “park council” in Berlin, Germany.

Ali Huseyinoglu was born in Komotini, Greece. After completing primary education at the bilingual (Turkish and Greek) school in his home town, he continued secondary and higher education in Istanbul and Ankara. Huseyinoglu received his BA and MSc from the Department of International Relations, Middle East Technical University (METU) and PhD from Sussex University. Since 2013, he has been working as an assistant professor in the Balkan Research Institute at Trakya University, in Edirne, Turkey. His main research interests include minority rights, Turkish-Greek relations, the Muslim Turkish minority of Western Thrace, the Rum minority in Turkey, Islam, and Islamophobia. Email: alihuseyinoglu@trakya.edu.tr

Alexandros Sakellariou is teaching sociology at the Hellenic Open University and is a postdoctoral researcher at Panteion University of Athens. He earned his PhD on Sociology from the Department of Sociology of Panteion University. He has extensive research experience in large-scale EU projects since 2011 working on young people’s socio-political engagement, young people’s well-being, the evaluation of innovative social policies, and radicalisation. His scientific interests include, among others, sociology of religions, sociology of youth, politics and religion, religious communities in Greek society, youth activism and civic participation, right- wing extremism, radicalisation, and qualitative research methods. Email: sociology. panteion@gmail.com

Nadia Jones-Gailani is Assistant Professor of Gender Studies at the Central European University. She received her doctorate degree in 2013 from the University of Toronto in Gender and Women’s History. Her monograph Transnational Identity and Memory Making in the Lives of Iraqi Women in Diaspora is forthcoming in 2019 in the Gender and History Series of the University of Toronto Press. Email: jonesn@ceu.edu

Gabi Gőbl received her MA degree in Sociology from the Eötvös Lóránd Universi- ty (ELTE), Budapest. She has worked in various non-governmental organizations in Hungary as an international project manager before joining the Center for European Neighborhood Studies (CENS) as program coordinator in October 2013. Since 2015, she has been involved in various international research projects, including the EU’s Erasmus+ Jean Monnet program and the Austrian Future Fund. Email: goblg@ ceu.edu

James Carr lectures at the Department of Sociology, University of Limerick, Ireland. In 2016, he published the book Experiences of Islamophobia: Living with Racism in the Neoliberal Era (London and New York: Routledge) which focused on anti-Muslim racism in Ireland. Carr has published research with the Immigrant Council of Ireland, supported by the Open Society Foundations, entitled “Islamophobia in Dublin: Experiences and How to Respond.” He authored the European Islamophobia Report submissions on Ireland for 2016 and 2017, and is the contributor for Ireland to the Yearbook of Muslims in Europe for the same period.

Alfredo Alietti, PhD in Sociology, is a professor of Urban Sociology at the University of Ferrara. He is a member of the Research Network of the European Sociological Association “Racism, Anti-Semitism and Ethnic Relations” (RN 31). Alietti is the co-coordinator of Laboratorio di Studi Urbani (Laboratory of Urban Studies) at the Department of Humanistic Studies which focuses on the promotion of research and training on urban and territorial issues. He is a member of the international editorial committee of Theomai Journal. Society, Nature and Development Studies, and a member of the research group “Housing and Migration” of the ISMU Foundation (Interventions and Studies on Multi-Ethnicity). Alietti has carried out a lot of research on national and European levels on topics including racism, dis- crimination, Islamophobia, anti-Semitism, interethnic relations in the urban setting, socio-spatial segregation, urban and housing policies, and the urban requalification of deprived areas. He has published numerous articles and books on racism and ethnic discrimination issues focusing on Italian society. Alietti’s latest book is Razzismi, discriminazioni e disuguaglianze nella società italiana (Racisms, Discriminations and Inequalities in the Italian Society) Milano, 2017).

Dario Padovan has a PhD in Sociology and is associate professor of Sociology at the University of Turin, Department of Culture, Politics and Society. He has been working for a long time on the history of social sciences, ethnic relations, racism and prejudice, fear of crime and insecurity, environmental sociology, social metabolism, and sustainable consumption. Padovan is a member of the editorial committee of Theomai Journal (Buenos Aires, Argentina), Democracy & Nature (London, U.K.), and Chosmos & History (Melbourne, Australia). He is a member of Esa Research Network 31 on “Race Relations, Anti-Semitism and Racism” and of the European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control. Recently, Padovan has carried out research on anti-Semitism and Islamophobia.

Adem Ferizaj is an independent researcher publishing in four languages (Albanian, German, French, and English). His work focuses on postcoloniality in the Balkans and the European Union. He completed his trilingual (German, French, and English) BA in Political Sciences and Sociology and a bilingual (French and English) MA in International Relations at Paris Institute of Political Sciences (Sciences Po), Paris. He has worked for different NGOs in Germany, Finland, and the Czech Republic, has taught German in Kosovo, and is currently employed at one of the big- gest television broadcasting services in Germany. E-mail: adem.ferizaj@sciencespo.fr

Anita Stasulane, professor of History of Religions and director of the Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences at Daugavpils University, graduated from the University of Latvia (1985) and the Pontifical Gregorian University (1998) in Rome, Italy. Her work mainly focuses on new religious movements and youth culture. Currently she is conducting research on religious fundamentalism and Islamophobia. She has expertise in qualitative research methods and experience in working on international collaborative projects, including two EU H2020 Programme projects; namely the “European Cohort Development Project” (ECDP) (2018-2019), and “Cultural Heritage and Identities of Europe’s Future” (CHIEF) (2018-2021). Stasulane is also editor of Kultūras Studijas (Cultural Studies).

Sara Ezabe Malliue holds a Masters of Advocacy. She completed a leadership course at the University of Cambridge, U.K. as a recipient of an award by Queen Elizabeth II. Ezabe Malliue has been researching hate speech online and conducted a research project entitled “Negotiating Peace in the Ambit of Freedom of Speech” (ELSA, Malta 2016) to highlight the importance of creating policies to tackle hate speech. She is the co-founder of the campaign “Redefining Us” which was created with the aim of combating discrimination and hate speech and to raise awareness about religious and ethnic minorities in Malta. For this, she was awarded the Young Impactful Politician Award by the Junior Chamber International (JCI) Malta. Ezabe Malliue also contributes to a local newspaper where she shares her reflections on being a Maltese Muslim and on other issues faced by minorities. Email: Saraev96@ gmail.com

Aida Arosoaie is a PhD candidate in Cultural Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Arosoaie’s doctoral research focuses on the intersection of religion, politics, and the economy in Indonesia. She has a BA in Politics and Hindi from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London, and a MSc in Strategic Studies from S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS) at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU). Arosoaie has pub- lished on issues related to Muslim politics in numerous academic and media outlets such as South Asia, Culture and Religion, and Journal of Religion and Political Practice.

Amina Šemsović earned a BA (University of Novi Pazar) and an MA (Uni- versity of Kragujevac) in English Language and Literature. As a result of her civic activism she received a scholarship for the European Regional Master’s Programme in Democracy and Human Rights (joint degree) at the University of Bologna and the University of Sarajevo. After successful graduation in 2016, she gained extensive experience in the field of human rights through numerous training programs, projects, and summer schools. In 2018, she was awarded a fellowship at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). As a representative of the Bosniak and Muslim minority in Serbia, she spent a month in Genève, where she participated in several United Nations’ bodies including the 11th session of the Forum on Minority Issues.

Leyla Yıldırım is a PhD candidate at the Department of Sociology, Institute of Social Sciences at Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, Istanbul. She graduated from the Master’s program, “Islam in the Contemporary West” at Leiden University in the Netherlands. In the Netherlands, she worked at the Islamic University of Applied Sciences Europe, as an education coordinator and program developer of BA and Master’s degrees in Islamic Spiritual Care and Islamic Theology. Yıldırım’s research interests are Muslims in Europe, Islamophobia, race, racism, and cultural secularism. Besides her native languages Turkish and Kurdish, she also speaks Dutch, English, and reads German. Email: lelya_yildirim@hotmail.com

Orhan Ceka is a PhD candidate in the Law and Politics program at the University of Graz, working on the governance of Islam in the Balkans. Ceka has an MA degree in Democracy and Human Rights from the University of Bologna/Sarajevo with a focus on the identity of Balkan Muslims. He conducted studies for his MA on public policy at Sabanci University, Istanbul. Ceka has worked at the Southeast European University, the Centre for Southeast European Studies (CSEES) at the University of Graz, Sabanci University, and was the director of the Liberal Alternative Institute in Tetovo, North Macedonia. His research interests are in the fields of politics of religion, identity politics, Balkan Muslims, and religious institutions, movements and organizations.

Vemund Aarbakke is an assistant professor at the Department of Political Sciences, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece. He holds a PhD in History from the University of Bergen, Norway where for many years he was associated with the Centre of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies. He specialises in minorities and Islam in the Balkans, and also writes on Norway. E-mail: vaarbakk@polsci.auth.gr

Anna Piela is a visiting scholar at Northeastern University in Boston, USA. She has worked previously as a research consultant with the Muslim Women’s Council, Bradford. In 2010, she was awarded a PhD in Women’s Studies by the University of York, UK. Her current endeavours include writing a monograph titled Wearing the Niqab: Fashioning Identity among Muslim Women in the UK and the US, and working on the editorial board of Hawwa: Journal of Women in the Middle East and Islamic Cultures. She has recently published an article on the niqab in the UK in the Journal of American Academy of Religion. Piela is also contributing to a research project on the identities of Polish female Muslim converts in the UK and Poland, recently funded by the Polish National Centre for Science (NCN). Her first monograph, titled Muslim Women Online: Faith and Identity in Virtual Space, and several academic journal articles (including in New Media and Society, Feminist Media Studies, Hawwa, and Contemporary Islam) focus on gender, Islam, and online communities. She has recently edited two volumes, Islam and the Media, and Islam and Popular Culture, in the Routledge series Critical Concepts in Sociology.

Ali Murat Yel is a social anthropologist working at the School of Communication at Marmara University, Istanbul. He received his PhD from the London School of Economics, London University. His first degree was in Islamic Theology and his research interests include religion, and the social and cultural aspects of religion in “lived” form. Yel carried out his field research at the small Portuguese town of Fátima and during his stay of more than two years, he conducted an ethnographic survey of the pilgrims visiting the shrine from all over the world. He has published numerous books and articles on this pilgrimage town and on Portuguese popular Catholicism. He is also interested in the manifestations of the Turkish popular understanding of Islam and the area where religion, politics, and gender intersect. Email: alimuratyel@marmara.edu.tr

Bogdan Ghenea is a research consultant specialising in human rights, migration/asylum, employability, and labour markets. He holds a Master’s degree in European and Romanian Politics from the University of Bucharest. Since 2010, he has written multiple shadow reports on racism and discrimination for the European Network Against Racism (ENAR) and has collaborated with the Asylum Research Consultancy on writing country and thematic reports. He has provided research and expert advice on employability and labour markets for clients such as Airbus and Total. Email: bogdan.ghenea@gmail.com

Ivan Ejub Kostić is a PhD candidate at the Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade, Serbia. He graduated from the Department of Oriental Studies, Arabic Language, Literature and Culture at the Faculty of Philology, University of Belgrade. He holds a Master’s degree in Islamic Studies awarded by the same department. In the academic years 2011-2013, he was a lecturer at the Faculty of Media and Communications at Singidunum University, Belgrade, where he taught the courses “Middle Eastern Culture and History” and “Orientalism and Occidentalism.” He is one of the founders of the Balkan Centre for the Middle East, and became its managing director in 2013. He co-authored the book Persecuted Islam, published in 2013, and edited the textbook Modern Islamic Thought, which was published in 2019. He is a member of the editorial board of the academic periodical Journal for Religious Sciences – Kom and a regular contributor to the Yearbook of Muslims in Europe published by Brill. He is also a member of the European Muslim Network seated in Brussels. Kostić has written numerous academic papers and articles in the field of Islamic Studies, and he is a regular contributor to leading media outlets in the country and the region on issues related to the Middle East and Islam.

Jozef Lenč is an assistant professor at the Department of Philosophy and Applied Philosophy at the Faculty of Arts of the University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava, Slovakia. He earned his PhD at the Institute of Political Science of the Slovak Academy of Sciences in Bratislava. In his scientific work, he addresses the issue of the relationship between religion and politics with a focus on Islam and Islamic philosophy. He is a commentator of Slovak and international politics, especially in regards to the Middle East. He is a co-author of the book Young Migrants in the Slovak Society (2012) and author of the book Religion in Politics and the Position of Religious Political Parties (2016). E-mail: jozef.lenc@ucm.sk

Ana Frank received her PhD from the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana in 2013. She worked as a researcher at the Peace Institute, a renowned NGO in Ljubljana, Slovenia, from 2007 to 2014. Between 2005 and 2007, she was a visiting student in Turkey at the University of Istanbul and at Ankara University. She complemented her studies at the University of Lodz, Poland, and Florida International University, USA. In 2012-2013, she conducted a research at Sabancı University in Istanbul for her PhD thesis entitled “The Influence of the Europeanisation Context on Religious Discourses in Gender Equality and Intimate Citizenship Policies in Turkey.” At the Peace Institute she worked on several European projects. Her fields of research and academic interest are international relations, policy analysis, political studies, gender studies, religious studies, cultural studies, Orientalism and postcolonial studies, discourse analysis, nationalism, discrimination, Europeanisation, Turkey, and Islam. In 2014, her book Feminism and Islam: Turkish Women between the Orient and the West (Slovenian and English language editions) was published by the Peace Institute. She continues to publish her work in international journals.

Carmen Aguilera-Carnerero earned her degree and PhD at the department of English and German Philology at the University of Granada (Spain) where she currently teaches. She is also a senior research fellow at the Centre for the Analysis of the Radical Right (CARR). Her postdoctoral research has focused on the study of extreme speech online, especially cyber-Islamophobia, the online discourse of the ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka, and the visual side of terrorism. Some of her latest works include “’Islamonausia, Not Islamophobia: The Many Faces of Cyber Hate Speech’” in Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, Volume 9, Number 1, 21-40; “The Cyber-Discourse of Inclusion and Marginalisation: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Muslims in Ireland on Twitter 2010-2014” in Irishness on the Margins: Minority and Dissident Identities, Palgrave, 2018; “Shamrock Meets Sharia: A CDA of Muslims in Ireland on Twitter from 2010-4” (forthcoming).

Aristotle Kallis is professor of Modern and Contemporary History at Keele Uni- versity, UK. His research interests revolve around fascism and the contemporary radical/far right in transnational terms, with a particular focus on the ‘mainstreaming’ of extreme views and on the processes that facilitate taboo-breaking language and behaviour. He has published extensively on the history of fascism and the radical right; on the rise of far-right extremism in Greece and Germany; on the mainstream-extremism nexus with regard to a number of key themes in the ideology of the far right including nationalism, sovereignty, and attitudes to particular groups of ‘others’; and on Islamophobia and anti-Semitism. He has provided written and oral evidence to committees of the UK parliament and participated with international NGOs in international fora such as the UN Human Rights Council, the European Parliament, the Council of Europe, and the OSCE/OHDIR. He is the author of the chapter on Islamophobia in the Oxford Handbook of the Radical Right (OUP 2018), and the co-editor of the report Violent Radicalisation and Far-Right Extremism in Europe (Hedayah and SETA, 2018). Email: aristotlekallis@gmail.co

Mykhaylo Yakubovych is the director of the Centre for Islamic Studies, National University of Ostroh Academy, Ostroh, Ukraine and the author of the first complete translation of the Qur’an into Ukrainian (10 editions issued since 2013, the most recent one by Diyanet Işleri Başkanlığı in Turkey). He has held numerous academic fellowships in Poland (Warsaw University, Warsaw); Saudi Arabia (Academic Department, King Fahd Qur’an Printing Complex, Medina); USA (Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton); and Germany (IOS Regensburg, Free University of Berlin). Currently, he works on the history of Islamic intellectual traditions in Eastern Europe. His recent publications include monographs on the history of Islam in Ukraine and the intellectual traditions of the Crimean Khanate (Kyiv, 2016); Muslims in the Ukrainian Crisis (2017); and the Islamic heritage of Crimea (2018). Yakubovych also writes for the Yearbook of Muslims in Europe and numerous other journals such as Ukrainian Week (Ukraine), Rocznik Tatarow Polskih (Poland), and Islamische Zeitung (Germany).